Vivaro - Caput Mundi
The old “Vivarium” was a roman site for hunting on horseback, strangely found in the Magredi, with celtic origin which indicates a vast alluvial plain at the foot of the Carnian Dolimites endgrooved by the rivers Cellina, Meduna and Colvera.A natural park of nearly 400 square kms covered with vegetation which resembles in many ways the Russian steppe, where we can find many botanic rarities of which the Cambre Tataria is the rarest example. Part of the protected area is made up of virgin fields and the rest of the area is ideal for the cultivation of vines which give us the famous Magrediwines.
The area of the Magredi from Tagliamento to Livenza, discover villages, hamlets, castles and typical foods. A fascinating area, with warm and welcoming people, who make you feel at home and as though you are the only guest, just as Ernest Hemmingway said "as though you were in the house of your favourite brother" .
Wherever you come from, to reach Vivaro have to cross the ford of a river that for most of the year is no running water. For this reason Magredi Vivaro and were crossed by all the people who endorsed the Friuli. Across the road Pinzana, from Austria have passed:
- the Celts, worshipers of the god Belenus, great hunters and beer drinkers;
- the Romans, the conquerors of the world, who were conquered by the charm of the Magredi so much to build a beautiful country villa;
- the Barbarians, fascinated by Italy have left the seeds of Crambe Tataria = a crucifer that grows wild only in the Magredi and the Hungarian Pusta = a lasting memory of their raids. A Vivaro there is still a place called Paganis and there 's the custom of calling a young too exuberant with the name of Attila;
- the Templars, who chose S.Quirino to build the most important mansion of the North East of Italy-the soldiery of the Patriarchs of Aquileia who destroyed villas Basaldella and Tesis
- the Turks who in 1499 burned all the villages of Magredi - the armies of Napoleon Bonaparte that watered his horse into the source of the old mill
- the Austro Hungarians who trained the cavalry along the banks of rivers and left us a nostalgic reminder of good governance
- the Germans, in the terrible two last wars, whose memory is still afraid
- and finally the Italians, who like to run around with jeeps and tanks in the green meadows of the Magredi, ruining this incredible gift of natutra
In 1872 the people of Vivaro had built a church in the ancient "curtain".The curtain was a kind of fortress, surrounded by a moat of water, with inside the houses, stores, weapons and a drawbridge that allowed the isolation during the steps of the frequent invasions.
In this delicate ecosystem, comparable only to the Russian steppe, there are many activities throughout the year are offered to children to bring them closer to nature and make them grow aware of their surroundings. The heart of this process of continuous training is the Observatory of Magredi, a structure suitable for children opened in 2009 in which the little ones can enjoy the territory and participate in workshops. Also interesting is the watermill "Mulino de la Miuta", the mill on the Roggia of Vivaro, once the accounts of Attimis Maniago dates back to 1341, then with 700 years of history and that - perfectly restored - is a paradise for children who can play with the equipment preserved and fun to grind grain.
Also in Vivaro we find the "Lataria", the old dairy, a typical example of a building with stone walls square by stonemasons.
Vivaro - territory of the Agane (local witches)
The legend says that ... long time ago, a poor woman with many children to grow met a salamander on the bank of a stream and helped her give birth ... The salamander, in reality, was un'agana, a mythical creature that lives around rivers and in caves, and, in gratitude, she gave her a ball of wool whose thread was endless. With that skein she sewed clothes for their children and then donated it to other women who were thus able to help their loved ones ... The ball of wool passed from hand to hand and it is said that even today continues to be donated and to bring joy and sharing .
The Band Angelo Cesaratto Vivaro was founded in 1904. The band was accompanied by a music school and recently was born on youth music group formed by students and directed by maestro Andrea Comoretto.
If you wanted to draw with a brush the profile of the Magredi, made of grass, sand, stones we could think of a large "V" white that stands out in the green region of Friuli Venezia Giulia. Find it on the map!